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Iligan City, Lanao del Norte

Region REGION X (Northern Mindanao) Code 100000000
Province LANAO DEL NORTE Code 103500000

Code 103504000
Income Classification: 1st Class Registered Voters (2010): 139,390
Population : (as of May 1, 2010): 322,821
District: lone
Barangays (Number: 44)
Name Code Urban/Rural Population
(as of May 1, 2010)
Abuno 103504001 Rural 4,703
Bonbonon 103504002 Rural 1,489
Bunawan 103504003 Rural 2,182
Buru-un 103504005 Urban 12,991
Dalipuga 103504006 Rural 18,191
Digkilaan 103504007 Rural 4,238
Hinaplanon 103504008 Rural 14,340
Kabacsanan 103504010 Rural 1,947
Kiwalan 103504011 Rural 5,955
Mahayhay 103504012 Rural 8,998
Mainit 103504013 Rural 2,480
Mandulog 103504014 Rural 3,103
Maria Cristina 103504015 Urban 10,751
Palao 103504016 Urban 9,544
Poblacion 103504017 Urban 3,924
Puga-an 103504018 Rural 7,398
Rogongon 103504019 Rural 4,870
Santa Elena 103504021 Rural 5,119
Santa Filomena 103504022 Urban 7,387
Suarez 103504024 Urban 17,544
Tambacan 103504025 Rural 16,701
Saray-Tibanga 103504026 Rural 10,225
Tipanoy 103504027 Rural 12,904
Tominobo Proper 103504028 Rural 9,005
Tominobo Upper 103504029 Rural 1,625
Tubod 103504030 Urban 32,283
Bagong Silang 103504031 Rural 6,152
Del Carmen 103504032 Rural 8,305
Dulag 103504033 Rural 1,069
San Miguel 103504034 Urban 4,117
Santiago 103504035 Urban 9,211
Santo Rosario 103504036 Rural 2,155
Tibanga 103504037 Rural 9,042
Acmac 103504038 Rural 5,784
Ditucalan 103504039 Urban 3,337
Hindang 103504040 Rural 1,125
Kalilangan 103504041 Rural 1,159
Lanipao 103504042 Rural 2,348
Luinab 103504043 Rural 8,114
Panoroganan 103504044 Rural 4,035
San Roque 103504045 Rural 3,860
Ubaldo Laya 103504046 Rural 10,961
Upper Hinaplanon 103504047 Rural 6,531
Villa Verde 103504048 Urban 5,619


1. Figures on registered voters are partial data from Commission on Elections (COMELEC) which may still be subject to corrections/adjustments from their field offices

2. Figures on registered voters exclude data on absentee voters.

3. Figures on registered voters are as of January 2010.

4. PSGC Information are as of 31 March 2013.

5. Income Classification based on Department of Finance Department Order No.23-08 Effective July 29, 2008.

6. Urban/rural classification based on 2000 CPH, Report No. 4 Urban Population, National Statistics Office, June 2006.

7.Legislative District Source: Records and Statistics Division, Commission on Elections (COMELEC): As of May 2013.

8. Population (as of May 1, 2010): a) Total Population Count by Region, Province, City/Municipality and Barangay as of May 1, 2010 ; b) Population of Highly Urbanized Cities (HUCs) are excluded in the total population of their respective provinces but are included in the regional total; and c) Population of barangays with boundary disputes are excluded in total population of their respective municipalities and cities but are included in the provincial and regional total. Source: 2010 Census of Population: National Statistics Office (NSO).

9. Source: National Statistics Office (NSO)


Iligan City had its beginnings in the village of Bayug, four (4) kilometers north of the present Poblacion. It was the earliest pre-Spanish settlement of native sea dwellers. The monotony of indigenous life in the territory was broken when in the later part of the 16th century, the inhabitants were subdued by the Visayan migrants from the island kingdom of Panglao. In the accounts of Jesuit historian Francisco Combes, the Mollucan King of Ternate invaded Panglao. This caused Panglaons to flee in large numbers to Dapitan, Zamboanga del Norte. In Dapitan, the surviving Prince of Panglao Pagbuaya, received Legazpi's expedition in 1565. Later, Pagbuaya's son Manook was baptized Pedro Manuel Manook. The Christianized Manook subdued the Higaunon village in Bayug and established it as one of the earliest Christian settlements in the country. The settlement survived other raids from other enemies, and, because of their faith in God and in their patron saint, Saint Michael the Archangel, the early Iliganons moved their settlement from Bayug to Iligan. The name Iligan is from the Higaonon word iligan or ilijan' meaning "fortress of defense" against frequent attacks by pirates and other hostile Mindanao tribes.
A stone fort called Fort St. Francis Xavier was built in 1642 where Iliganons sought refuge during raids by bandits. But again, the fort sank due to floods. Another fort was built and this was named Fort Victoria or Cota de Iligan. In 1850, because of floods, Don Remigio Cabili, then Iligan's governadorcillo, built another fort and moved the poblacion of the old Iligan located at the mouth of Tubod River west of the old market to its present site. Iligan was already a town of the once undivided Misamis Province in 1832. However, it did not have an independent religious administration because it was part of Cagayan de Oro, the provincial capital. It was one of the biggest municipalities of Misamis Province. In 1903, the Moro Province was created. Iligan, because of its Moro residents was taken away from the Misamis Province. Then Iligan became the capital of the Lanao District and seat of the government where the American officials lived and held office. Later in 1907 the capital of the Lanao District was transferred to Dansalan.[1]
The Spaniards abandoned Iligan in 1899, paving the way for the landing of the American forces in 1900. In 1914, under the restructuring of Moroland after the end of the Moro Province (1903–1913), Iligan became a municipality composed of eight barrios together with the municipal district of Mandulog. After enjoying peace and prosperity for about 40 years, Iligan was invaded by Japanese forces in 1942. The liberation in Iligan by the Philippine Commonwealth forces attacked by the Japanese held sway in the city until 1944 to 1945 when the war ended. On November 15, 1944, the city held a Commonwealth Day parade to celebrate the end of Japanese atrocities and occupation.[2]
Using the same territorial definition as a municipality, Iligan became a chartered city of Lanao del Norte on June 16, 1950.[3] It was declared a first class city in 1969 and was reclassified as First Class City "A" on July 1, 1977 by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 465. In 1983, Iligan was again reclassified as a highly urbanized city.


Iligan City is politically subdivided into 44 barangays.
Bagong Silang
Del Carmen
Maria Cristina
San Miguel
San Roque
Saray-Tibanga (Saray)
Santa Elena (Tominobo-Ilaya)
Santa Filomena
Santo Rosario
Tibanga (Canaway)
Tomas Cabili (Tominobo Proper)
Ubaldo Laya
Upper Hinaplanon
Upper Tominobo

Iligan City is a highly urbanized city 795 kilometers southeast of metro Manila. Iligan is located in the Northeastern part of Mindanao. It is the second largest city next to Cagayan De Oro in Region X (10). It is bounded by Iligan Bay to the west, Misamis Oriental to the north, Bukidnon to the east and Lanao del Norte to the south. It covers an area of no less than 813.37 square kilometers composing 44 barangays, with type C climate characterized by short, low sun dry season for one to three months. Rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year. It is located outside the typhoon belt, relatively an earthquake free zone. it has a population of 273,004 in 1995 census and projected in 1996 to have 283,378.

There are several waterfalls in Iligan City. Maria Cristina Falls is probably the most famous of Iligan's attractions, it is sometimes referred to as "twin falls" because the water is split in two by a large rock at the brink of the 320 feet drop. Other waterfalls are Mimbalut falls, 20 minutes away from the city, Limunsudan Falls, 54 kilometers away from the city proper, Abaga Waterfalls, 15 kilometers from the city, Dalipuga Falls, 12 kilometers from the city, Dodiongan Falls, 14.5 kilometers from the city, Gata falls 28 kilometers from the city, Guimbalolan Falls, 29 kilometers rom the city, Hindang Falls, 14 kilometers from the city, Kalisaon Falls, 16 kilometers fron the city, kamadahan falls, 26 kilometers from the city and Kibalaug falls, 31 kilometers from the city.

The fastest and most convenient way to get to Iligan would be to take a plane to Cagayan de Oro City and take the rest of the 87 kilometers of the one and a half hour drive to Iligan. As there are regular flights to Cagayan de Oro daily from Manila, Cebu and Davao, major inter-island shipping lines also connect Iligan from other major cities of the Philippines such as Manila, Cebu, Bacolod and Iloilo with 2 to 3 times weekly schedule to Manila via Bacolod / Iloilo / Ozamiz and 2 times weekly to Cebu.

The pride of this city is the natural, none-chlorinated cold spring pools of 5 resorts of Timoga Cold Spring Pools where thousands of local and international tourists visit during summer
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